With an estimated population ofin the city is the core of the Salt Lake City metropolitan areawhich has a population of 1, estimate. The city was originally founded in by Brigham Youngand other followers of the Church, who were seeking to escape religious persecution in the mid-western United States.
The Pioneers [ disambiguation needed ]as they would come to be known, at first encountered an arid, inhospitable valley that they then extensively irrigated and cultivated, thereby establishing the foundation to sustain the area's large population of today.
Due to its proximity to the Great Salt Lakethe city was originally What time is salt lake city on "Great Salt Lake City"; however, the word "great" was dropped from the official name in by the 17th Utah Territorial Legislature. Immigration of international members of the Church members, mining boomsand the construction of the first transcontinental railroad initially brought economic growth, and the city was nicknamed the Crossroads of the West. It was traversed by the Lincoln Highwaythe first transcontinental highway, inand presently two major cross-country freeways, I and Iintersect in the city.
Salt Lake City has since developed a strong outdoor recreation tourist industry based primarily on skiingand hosted the Winter Olympics.
Beautiful what time is salt lake city on nude photos
It is the industrial banking center of the United States. At the time of Salt Lake City's founding, the valley was within the territory of the Northwestern Shoshone ;  however, occupation was seasonal, near streams emptying from canyons into the Salt Lake Valley. One of the local Shoshone tribes, the Western Goshute tribe, referred to the Great Salt Lake as Pi'a-pameaning "big water", or Ti'tsa-pameaning "bad water".
Army officer John C.
The valley's first permanent settlements date to the arrival of the Latter-day Saints on July 24, Upon arrival at the Salt Lake Valley, president of the church Brigham Young is recorded as stating, "This is the right place, drive on. They found the broad valley empty of any human settlement.
The Salt Lake Temple, constructed on the block later called Temple Squaretook 40 years to complete.
Construction started inand the temple was dedicated on April 6, The temple has become an icon for the city and serves as its What time is salt lake city on.
In fact, the southeast corner of Temple Square is the initial point of reference for the Salt Lake Meridianand What time is salt lake city on all addresses in the Salt Lake Valley. The pioneers [ disambiguation needed ] organized a new state called Deseret and petitioned for its recognition in The United States Congress rebuffed the settlers in and established the Utah Territoryvastly reducing its size, and designated Fillmore as its capital city.
The city's population continued to swell with an influx of converts to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and Gold Rush gold seekers, making it one of the most populous cities in the American Old West.
Explorer, ethnologist, and author Richard Francis Burton traveled by coach in the summer of to document life in Great Salt Lake City. He was granted unprecedented access during his three-week visit, including audiences with President Brigham Young and other contemporaries of Joseph Smith. The records of his visit include sketches of early city buildings, a description of local geography and agriculture, commentary on its politics and social order, essays, speeches, and sermons from Brigham Young, Isaac Morley, George Washington Bradley and other prominent leaders, and snapshots of everyday life such as newspaper clippings and the menu from a high-society ball.
Disputes with the federal government ensued over the Church's practice of polygamy. A climax occurred in when President James Buchanan declared the area in rebellion after Brigham Young refused to step down as governor, beginning the Utah War.
A division of the United States Armycommanded by Albert Sidney Johnstonlater a general in the army of the Confederate States of America, marched through the city and found it had been evacuated. Another military installation, Fort Douglaswas established in to maintain Union allegiance during the American Civil War.
Many area leaders were incarcerated at the territorial prison in Sugar House in the s for violation of anti-polygamy laws. The Church began its eventual abandonment of polygamy inreleasing "The Manifesto"which officially suggested members obey the law of the land which was equivalent to forbidding new polygamous marriages inside the U.
This paved the way for statehood inwhen Salt Lake City became the state capital. Mass migration of different groups followed.
Ethnic Chinese who laid most of the Central Pacific railway established a flourishing Chinatown in Salt Lake City nicknamed "Plum Alley", which housed around 1, Chinese during the early 20th century. The Chinese businesses and residences were demolished in although a historical marker has been erected near the parking ramp which has replaced Plum Alley.
Immigrants also found economic opportunities in the booming mining industries. European ethnic groups and East Coast missionary groups constructed St.
This time period also saw the creation of Salt Lake City's now defunct red-light district that employed courtesans at its height before being closed in During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, an extensive streetcar system was constructed throughout the city, with the first streetcar running in and electrification of the system in As in the rest of the country, the automobile usurped the streetcar, and the last trolley was approved for conversion inyet ran untildue to WWII.
Trolley buses ran until The city's population began to stagnate during the 20th century as population growth shifted to suburban areas north and south of the city. Few of these areas were annexed to the city, while nearby towns What time is salt lake city on and expanded themselves.
As a result, the population of the surrounding metropolitan area greatly outnumbers Salt Lake City. A major concern of recent government officials has been combating inner-city commercial decay. The city lost population from the s through the s, but experienced some recovery in the s.
Presently, the city has gained an estimated 5 percent of its population since the year The city has experienced significant demographic shifts in recent years. Salt Lake City was selected to host the Winter Olympics in The games were plagued with controversy. A bid scandal surfaced in alleging bribes had been offered to secure the city for the games location.
During the games, other scandals erupted over contested judging scores and illegal drug use. Despite the controversies, the games were heralded as a financial success, being one of the few in recent history to profit.
In preparation major construction projects were initiated. Local freeways were expanded and repaired, and a light rail system was constructed.
Olympic venues are now used for local, national, and international sporting events and Olympic athlete training. Salt Lake City hosted the 16th Winter Deaflympic games intaking place in the venues in Salt Lake City and Park City and Rotary International chose the city as the host site of their convention, which was the single largest gathering in Salt Lake City since the Winter Olympics. What time is salt lake city on Association convention in drew 39, attendees.
Salt Lake City has an area of The city is in the northeast corner of the Salt Lake Valley surrounded by the Great Salt Lake to the northwest and the steep Wasatch and Oquirrh mountain ranges on the eastern and southwestern borders, respectively. Its encircling mountains contain several narrow glacial and stream carved canyons.
Among these canyons, City CreekEmigrationMillcreekand Parley's border the eastern city limits. The burgeoning population of Salt Lake City and the surrounding metropolitan area, combined with its geographical situation, has led to air quality becoming a top concern for the populace.
The Wasatch Front is subject to strong temperature inversions during the winter, which trap pollutants and lower air quality.
The metabolic activities of bacteria in the lake result in a phenomenon known as "lake stink", a scent reminiscent of foul poultry eggs, two to three times per year for a few hours. The Wasatch Fault is found along the western base of the Wasatch and is considered at high risk of producing an earthquake as large as 7.
Catastrophic damage is predicted in the event of an earthquake with major damage resulting from the liquefaction of the clay- and sand-based soil and the possible permanent flooding of portions of the city by the Great Salt Lake.
The second-highest mountain range is the Oquirrhs, reaching a maximum height of 10, feet 3, m at Flat Top.
The mountains near Salt Lake City are easily visible from the city and have sharp vertical relief caused by ancient earthquakes, with a maximum difference of 7, feet m being achieved with the rise of Twin Peaks from the Salt Lake Valley floor. Several Lake Bonneville shorelines can be distinctly seen on the foothills or benches of nearby mountains.
The city, as well as the countyis laid out on a grid plan. The grid's origin is the southeast corner of Temple Square, the block containing the Salt Lake Temple; the north-south axis is Main Street; What time is salt lake city on the east-west axis is South Temple Street.
Addresses are coordinates within the system similarly to latitude and longitude. Odd and even address numbering depends on the quadrant of the grid in which an address is located.
When traveling away from the grid center Temple Square or its axes Main Street, South Temple Streetodd numbers will be on the left side of the street.
The streets are relatively wide due to the direction of Brigham Young, who wanted them wide enough a wagon team could What time is salt lake city on around without "resorting to profanity". Though the nomenclature may initially confuse new arrivals and visitors, most consider the grid system an aid to navigation. Other streets have honorary names, such as the western portion of South, named "Adam Galvez Street" in honor of a local Marine corporal killed in action or others honoring Rosa ParksMartin Luther King, Jr.
These honorary names appear only on street signs and cannot be used in postal addresses. In the Avenues neighborhoodnorth-south streets are given letters of the alphabet, and east-west streets are numbered in 2. Joseph Smithfounder of the Latter-day Saint movement, planned the layout in the " Plat of the City of Zion " intended as a template for Mormon towns wherever they might be built.
In his plan the city was to be developed into acre 4.
However, the blocks in Salt Lake What time is salt lake city on became irregular during the late 19th century when the LDS Church lost authority over growth and before the adoption of zoning ordinances in the s. The original acre 4. The original water supply was from City Creek. Subsequent development of water resources was from successively more southern streams flowing from the mountains to the east of the city. Some of the old irrigation ditches are still visible in the eastern suburbs, or are still marked on maps, years after they were gone.
There are still some canals that deliver water as required by water rights.